Types of Tomatoes:

  1. Round Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum):

    • Description: Round tomatoes are the most common type, characterized by their spherical shape and smooth skin. They come in various sizes, ranging from small cherry tomatoes to large beefsteak tomatoes.
    • Subtypes:
      • Cherry Tomatoes: Small, round tomatoes with a sweet flavor. They are often eaten raw in salads or as snacks.
      • Roma Tomatoes: Also known as plum tomatoes, Roma tomatoes have an elongated shape and dense flesh. They are commonly used for sauces, canning, and paste.
      • Beefsteak Tomatoes: Large, meaty tomatoes with a juicy texture. They are ideal for slicing and using in sandwiches, burgers, and salads.
    • Grades: Tomatoes are graded based on size, shape, color, firmness, and absence of defects. Grades may include Extra Fancy, Fancy, and Standard.
    • Moisture Content: Tomatoes typically have a moisture content of around 90-95%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per box (e.g., 10kg box, 25lb crate).
  2. Plum Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum):

    • Description: Plum tomatoes are oval or cylindrical in shape with a thicker flesh and fewer seeds than round tomatoes. They have a sweet, tangy flavor and are commonly used for making sauces, salsa, and canning.
    • Subtypes:
      • San Marzano: A specific variety of plum tomatoes known for their sweet flavor and low acidity. They are often used in Italian cuisine, particularly for making pasta sauce.
    • Grades: Similar grading criteria as round tomatoes, focusing on appearance, size, and quality.
    • Moisture Content: Comparable to round tomatoes, around 90-95%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per box.
  3. Cherry Tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum):

    • Description: Cherry tomatoes are small, round tomatoes usually about the size of a cherry. They come in various colors, including red, yellow, and orange, and have a sweet flavor with a slightly tangy taste.
    • Subtypes: N/A
    • Grades: Grading criteria are similar to other tomato varieties, focusing on size, shape, and quality.
    • Moisture Content: Similar to other tomato varieties, around 90-95%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per box.