Peanuts, also known as groundnuts or monkey nuts, are a popular legume cultivated for their edible seeds. They belong to the species Arachis hypogaea and are native to South America. India is one of the largest producers and exporters of peanuts globally.

Types of Indian Peanuts:

  1. Raw Peanuts:

    • Description: Raw peanuts are harvested and sold with their shells intact. They have a beige to light brown outer shell and contain two or three kernels inside.
    • Subtypes:
      • Bold Peanuts: Bold peanuts are larger in size and have a higher oil content. They are often preferred for oil extraction and roasting.
      • Java Peanuts: Java peanuts are smaller in size and have a lower oil content compared to bold peanuts. They are commonly used for making peanut butter and confectionery products.
    • Grades: Raw peanuts are graded based on factors such as size, color, uniformity, and absence of defects. Grades may include Bold, Java, and Standard.
    • Moisture Content: Raw peanuts typically have a moisture content of around 7-10%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per bag or sack (e.g., 50kg sack, 100lb bag).
  2. Roasted Peanuts:

    • Description: Roasted peanuts are raw peanuts that have been roasted to enhance their flavor and texture. They can be roasted with or without their shells and seasoned with salt or other flavorings.
    • Subtypes:
      • In-Shell Roasted Peanuts: Roasted peanuts sold with their shells intact. They are commonly eaten as snacks and often served at sporting events and festivals.
      • Shelled Roasted Peanuts: Roasted peanuts with their shells removed, ready to eat. They are popular as a snack and used as an ingredient in various recipes.
    • Grades: Similar grading criteria as raw peanuts, focusing on size, color, flavor, and absence of defects.
    • Moisture Content: Roasted peanuts typically have a moisture content of around 2-5%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per bag or package.

Additional Information:

  • Nutritional Value: Peanuts are rich in protein, healthy fats, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. They are a good source of energy and provide essential nutrients for overall health.
  • Storage: Peanuts should be stored in a cool, dry place in an airtight container to prevent spoilage and rancidity. Properly stored, they can last for several months to a year.
  • Uses: Peanuts are consumed as snacks, added to salads, stir-fries, and baked goods, and used to make peanut butter, sauces, and desserts. They are also processed into peanut oil and used in cooking and frying.