Description

Garlic is a widely used aromatic bulb known for its pungent flavor and numerous culinary and medicinal properties. It belongs to the Allium genus and is closely related to onions, shallots, and leeks.

Types of Garlic:

  1. Softneck Garlic (Allium sativum):

    • Description: Softneck garlic is the most common type, characterized by its soft, pliable stalk and lack of a central flowering stem (scape). The bulbs have multiple layers of papery skin and contain numerous small cloves.
    • Subtypes:
      • Artichoke Garlic: Named for its tight, layered bulb similar in appearance to an artichoke. Artichoke garlic is versatile and has a rich, robust flavor.
      • Silverskin Garlic: Known for its long storage life and ability to produce a large number of cloves per bulb. Silverskin garlic has a strong, pungent flavor and is often used for braiding.
    • Grades: Garlic is generally not formally graded, but it is selected based on bulb size, appearance, firmness, and absence of defects.
    • Moisture Content: Garlic bulbs typically have a moisture content of around 65-70%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per pound or bag (e.g., 1lb bag, 5lb mesh bag).
  2. Hardneck Garlic (Allium sativum var. ophioscorodon):

    • Description: Hardneck garlic is characterized by its stiff, woody stalk and the presence of a central flowering stem (scape). The bulbs are generally larger and contain fewer, but larger cloves compared to softneck garlic.
    • Subtypes:
      • Rocambole Garlic: Known for its rich, complex flavor and easy-to-peel cloves. Rocambole garlic has a purple-striped outer skin and is prized by chefs for its culinary qualities.
      • Porcelain Garlic: Named for its smooth, white skin resembling porcelain. Porcelain garlic has a strong, robust flavor and is well-suited for roasting.
    • Grades: Similar to softneck garlic, graded based on bulb size, appearance, firmness, and absence of defects.
    • Moisture Content: Comparable to softneck garlic, around 65-70%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per pound or bag.

Additional Information:

  • Nutritional Value: Garlic is rich in vitamins C and B6, as well as manganese, selenium, and antioxidants such as allicin.
  • Storage: Garlic should be stored in a cool, dry place with good ventilation to prevent sprouting and mold growth. It can be stored in mesh bags, baskets, or garlic keepers.
  • Uses: Garlic is used in various culinary dishes, including soups, stews, sauces, marinades, and stir-fries. It can be minced, sliced, crushed, or roasted to release its flavor and aroma.