Description

Onions are versatile vegetables widely used in cooking for their distinctive flavor and aroma. They belong to the genus Allium and are cultivated globally for culinary and medicinal purposes.

Types of Onions:

  1. Common Bulb Onions (Allium cepa):

    • Description: Common bulb onions are the most widely cultivated type and come in various sizes, shapes, and colors. They have a round or elongated bulb with multiple layers of papery skin. The flesh color can range from white to yellow, red, or purple.
    • Subtypes:
      • Yellow Onions: Most commonly used in cooking, with a strong, pungent flavor and moderate sweetness.
      • Red Onions: Mildly sweet with a vibrant red-purple skin. Often used raw in salads, sandwiches, and salsas.
      • White Onions: Mild and slightly sweet with a crisp texture. Suitable for raw and cooked dishes, including Mexican cuisine.
    • Grades: Onions are graded based on size, appearance, firmness, and absence of defects. Grades may include Jumbo, Medium, and Small.
    • Moisture Content: Onions typically have a moisture content of around 85-90%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per bag or crate (e.g., 10kg bag, 25lb crate).
  2. Green Onions (Allium fistulosum):

    • Description: Also known as scallions or spring onions, green onions have long, slender green stalks with small white bulbs. They have a mild onion flavor and are commonly used as a garnish or in salads, soups, and stir-fries.
    • Subtypes: N/A
    • Grades: Green onions are graded based on their length, thickness, and overall freshness. Grades may include Fancy, Choice, and Standard.
    • Moisture Content: Similar to common bulb onions, around 85-90%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per bunch.
  3. Shallots (Allium cepa var. aggregatum):

    • Description: Shallots are smaller, elongated bulbs with a brown or reddish skin and a milder flavor compared to common bulb onions. They have a delicate, sweet taste and are often used in French and Asian cuisines.
    • Subtypes: N/A
    • Grades: Shallots are graded based on size, firmness, and absence of defects. Grades may include Extra Fancy, Fancy, and Standard.
    • Moisture Content: Comparable to common bulb onions, around 85-90%.
    • Counts: Sold by weight or quantity per bag or crate.